The United States is sending around 750 more troops to the Middle East 
immediately, following an attack by pro-Iranian demonstrators on the U.S. 
embassy in Baghdad, the Pentagon said on December 31. 
More troops from a rapid response unit of the 82nd Airborne Division are 
prepared to deploy over the next several days, Defense Secretary Mark Esper 
said in a statement. 
"This deployment is an appropriate and precautionary action taken in 
response to increased threat levels against U.S. personnel and facilities, 
such as we witnessed in Baghdad today," he said. "The United States will 
protect our people and interests anywhere they are found around the world." 
The United States has no plans to evacuate its embassy in Baghdad and 
additional forces are being sent following violent demonstrations outside 
the compound by protesters and militia fighters enraged by American air 
strikes, U.S officials said on Tuesday. 
U.S. President Donald Trump blamed Iran for "orchestrating" the attack on 
the U.S. embassy in Baghdad and said he would hold Tehran responsible. 
"U.S. personnel are secure and there has been no breach. There are no plans 
to evacuate Embassy Baghdad," a State Department spokesperson said. 
The spokesperson added that the U.S. Ambassador to Iraq Matt Tueller had 
been on previously scheduled personal travel and was returning to the 
President Donald Trump said on Tuesday he expects Iraq to "use its forces" 
to protect the U.S. Embassy in Baghdad as he blamed Iran for orchestrating 
an "attack" that breached the wall of the compound. 
Iraqi supporters of pro-Iran factions protested at the Embassy on Tuesday, 
chanting "Death to America," throwing rocks, tearing down security cameras 
and setting a sentry box ablaze in anger over weekend air strikes that 
killed two dozen fighters. 
It was the first time in years that protesters have been able to reach the 
U.S. embassy, which is sheltered behind a series of checkpoints in the 
high-security Green Zone. 
"We expect Iraq to use its forces to protect the Embassy, and so notified!" 
Mr. Trump tweeted, saying Iran "will be held fully responsible" for the 
In his tweet, Mr. Trump said the U.S. had "strongly responded" to the attack 
that killed the U.S. contractor, and "always will." 


North Korean leader Kim Jong Un has accused the Trump administration of 
dragging its feet in nuclear negotiations and warned that his country will 
soon show a new strategic weapon to the world as its bolsters its nuclear 
deterrent in face of "gangster-like" U.S. sanctions and pressure. 
The North's state media said Wednesday that Mr. Kim made the comments during 
a four-day ruling party conference held through Tuesday in the capital 
Pyongyang, where he declared that the North will never give up its security 
for economic benefits in the face of what he described as increasing U.S. 
hostility and nuclear threats. 
Mr. Kim's comments came after a months long stand-off between Washington and 
Pyongyang over disagreements involving disarmament steps and the removal of 
sanctions imposed on the North. 
"He said that we will never allow the impudent U.S. to abuse the DPRK-U.S. 
dialogue for meeting its sordid aim but will shift to a shocking actual 
action to make it pay for the pains sustained by our people so far and for 
the development so far restrained," the Korean Central News Agency said. 
Mr. Kim added that "if the U.S. persists in its hostile policy toward the 
DPRK, there will never be the de-nuclearisation on the Korean Peninsula and 
the DPRK will steadily develop necessary and prerequisite strategic weapons 
for the security of the state until the U.S. rolls back its hostile policy," 
according to the agency. 
"In the past two years alone when the DPRK took preemptive and crucial 
measures of halting its nuclear test and ICBM test-fire and shutting down 
the nuclear-test ground for building confidence between the DPRK and the 
U.S., the U.S., far from responding to the former with appropriate measures, 
conducted tens of big and small joint military drills which its president 
personally promised to stop and threatened the former militarily through the 
shipment of ultra-modern warfare equipment into (South Korea)," the KCNA 
quoted Mr. Kim as saying. 


On Tuesday, Carlos Ghosn, the ousted chairman of Japanese carmaker Nissan, 
was at his childhood home of Lebanon after fleeing from Japan, where he was 
awaiting trial for financial crimes. 
Arrested in Tokyo in November 2018, Ghosn was released on bail in March this 
year, only to be rearrested within weeks on related charges. He was again 
released on a $9 million bail bond with stringent conditions that had raised 
eyebrows in the West. 
Ghosn's escape has added a new twist to the story, and many have been left 
guessing how such a high-profile accused was able to flee Japan. 
Ghosn, aged 65, is of Lebanese descent and was born in Brazil. He holds 
Lebanese, Brazilian, and French passports. 
Out on bail, Ghosn had several harsh restrictions imposed on him, such as 
not being able to leave Tokyo, not having access to the internet except from 
his lawyer's office, and not being able to meet with his friends without 
informing the court. The court also did not allow Ghosn to have any 
communication with his wife. 
Then on Tuesday, Reuters reported that Ghosn was in his mansion in the 
Lebanese capital of Beirut, where he enjoys significant popularity despite 
his fall from grace in Japan. Ghosn's arrival in Lebanon raised questions on 
he was able to escape from Japan where he had been under strict surveillance 
by authorities while out on bail, and had also surrendered his passports 
with his Japanese lawyers. 
In a statement, Ghosn has said, "I am now in Lebanon and will no longer be 
held hostage by a rigged Japanese justice system where guilt is presumed, 
discrimination is rampant, and basic human rights are denied." Ghosn's trial 
in Japan was expected to begin in April 2020. 


A partial new U.S.-China trade agreement will be signed in the middle of 
next month, U.S. President Donald Trump said on Tuesday, announcing that he 
will also then travel to China for continued talks. 
Mr. Trump's tweet, sent moments before Wall Street opened for the year's 
final trading day, set a calendar date for an event that had hung in 
uncertainty in recent weeks as details remained scant. 
Washington and Beijing earlier this month announced a "Phase One" trade 
deal, de-escalating their nearly two-year trade war as Mr. Trump reduced or 
cancelled some tariffs while Beijing promised to adopt trade reforms and buy 
more U.S. farm exports. 
The text has yet to be made public pending what U.S. officials say is a 
largely technical review. 
"I will be signing our very large and comprehensive Phase One Trade Deal 
with China on January 15," Mr. Trump tweeted. 
"The ceremony will take place at the White House. High level representatives 
of China will be present." 
U.S. and Chinese officials have said the agreement includes protections for 
intellectual property, food and farm goods, financial services and foreign 
exchange, and a provision for dispute resolution. 


French President Emmanuel Macron said on Tuesday that he wanted a strong 
relationship with post-Brexit Britain and also pledged to push through an 
overhaul of the pension system, after weeks of nationwide strikes by trade 
Speaking in his traditional televised New Year's eve address to the nation, 
Mr. Macron said: "The United Kingdom's departure from the European Union is 
a test for our country. I will strive to maintain a solid relationship 
between our two countries." 
Pension reforms 
Mr. Macron said he expected his government to quickly find a compromise with 
unions on the reform, but without departing from the principles laid out by 
Unions are trying to force the former investment banker to abandon his 
overhaul of France's pension system with nationwide strikes since Dec. 5 
that have crippled public transport. 
"The retirement reform that I've committed myself to before you will be 
carried through because it is a project of social justice and progress," he 
said in the prime-time televised address to the nation. 
Mr. Macron wants to replace France's current system of 42 different 
sector-specific pension schemes with a points-based system for all, which 
his government says would be fairer and more transparent. 
While Mr. Macron's government has rejected union calls to drop the reform 
altogether, it has offered concessions to a growing list of sectors as it 
seeks to defuse tensions. 


China's foreign minister has decried international "bullying practices" 
while meeting with his Iranian counterpart on Tuesday, in the country's 
latest criticism of American foreign policy under the Trump administration. 
Wang Yi reaffirmed the strength of bilateral relations in opening remarks at 
the beginning of talks with Mohammad Javad Zarif. "We need to stand together 
against unilateralism and bullying practices," Wang said. Without directly 
mentioning the US, Wang said China and Iran would stand up for their 
national interests. Zarif responded that the two countries were united in, 
"our common effort to fight unilateralism and to promote multilateralism" in 
2020. - AP 
"We need to stand together against unilateralism and bullying 
practices."-Wang Yi, China's Foreign Minister 
"The two countries are united in efforts to promote multilateralism in 
2020." -Javad Zarif, Iran's Foreign Minister 


Moscow and Kiev on Monday signed a five-year agreement on the transit of 
Russian gas to Europe via Ukraine, finalising months of difficult talks just 
ahead of a New Year deadline. 
The current deal between the two ex-Soviet countries expires Tuesday and 
ties between them have been shredded since Moscow annexed Crimea in 2014 and 
supported a separatist insurgency in eastern Ukraine. 
About 18 percent of the European Union's annual natural gas consumption 
comes from Russia via Ukraine, putting additional pressure on EU officials 
who helped to broker the deal. 
"Ukraine has signed a five-year transit contract," Ukrainian President 
Volodymyr Zelensky announced. 


Bangladesh's telecom regulator has ordered operators to shut down services 
along the border with India citing security reasons, authorities said in a 
Mobile network coverage has been suspended for one kilometre along the 
entire border with India until further notice "for the sake of the country's 
security in the current circumstances", officials said in the statement, 
which was released on Monday. 
One official on condition of anonymity said the decision was taken out of 
concern that Indian Muslims might seek to enter Bangladesh after India 
introduced the Citizenship Amendment Act which has triggered violent 
protests across India. 



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